Cover Crops

Cover crops are the future of sustainable agriculture, they offer farmers and the ecosystem many benefits such as increased soil fertility, soil quality, water, weeds and imp[roved soil/plant diseases
Cover crops are often referred to as ‘green manures’ due to the recycling of organic matter and enhancement of microbial activity in soils.

Soil Quality Management

Cover crops can improve soil quality by increasing soil organic matter levels through the input of cover crop biomass over time. Increased soil organic matter enhances soil structure, as well as the water and nutrient holding and buffering capacity of soil (Patrick et al. 1957). It can also lead to increased soil carbon sequestration, which has been promoted as a strategy to help offset the rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide levels (Kuo et al. 1997, Sainju et al. 2002, Lal 2003).

Benefits of Cover Crops are?

When considering planting a cover crop you must consider a number of factors such as soil type, paddock condition, seasonal, environmental and climatic conditionals as well as your end goal. All of the above factors will influence what species you plant and at what sowing rate.

So, for further information and to discuss your cover crop options please contact us today

Blue Lupins

  • High organic matter
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Improves soil structure
  • Ideal for Autumn and Spring mixtures
  • Soil conditioning

Lotus

  • Increase N
  • Deep rooting system
  • Condensed tannins

Peas

  • High organic matter
  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Ideal for Spring mixtures
  • Soil conditioning

Buckwheat

  • Easy and fast to establish
  • Weed suppression
  • Attracts beneficial insects
  • Consumes less moisture

Oats

  • Fast establishment
  • Weed suppression
  • High biomass production

Mustard

  • Contains high levels of glucosinolate
  • Attracts beneficial insects
  • Soil fumigation

Yarrow

  • Deep root system
  • Highly attractive to beneficial insects
  • Drought tolerance

Vetch / Tares

  • Increases N
  • Reduces erosion
  • Fast establishment
  • Weed suppression

Chicory

  • Deep tap root
  • Removal of excess nutrients
  • Attracts beneficial insects
  • Drought tolerant
  • Improves soil structure

Plantain

  • Improves soil structure
  • Removes excess nutrients
  • Easy to establish

Sheeps Burnett

  • Deep rooting system
  • Improves soil quality
  • Helps to reduce soil erosion

Sunflowers

  • Fast-growing crop with the high yield capacity
  • Beneficial insects
  • Efficient in extracting soil moisture
  • Prolific deep root system
  • Drags/reaches nutrients from depths unavailable to other species

Phacelia

  • Soil conditioner builds aggregates
  • Attracts beneficial insects
  • Removal of excess nutrients
  • Green manure

 

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